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Nuclear energy is considered to be the most environmentally friendly.
Nuclear energy made up about 10% of global electricity production. In 2017, the nuclear power capacity of 393 GW increased by 4 GW, which was 397 GW in 2018. According to international estimates, nuclear reactors generated only 2,563 trillion kWh of electricity in 2018, which is 2.4% more than in 2017 - 2.502 trillion kWh. Nuclear power production has continued to increase over the past six years, and in 2018, it was 217 billion kWh compared to 2012. In June 2019, there were 457 active nuclear reactors in the world, of which 99 were owned by the United States. 58 reactors operate in France, 46 in China, 42 in Japan, 37 in Russia. The number of reactors operating in five countries made up 62% of the overall global indicator.

Do you know that kerosene save whales?
It is reported that the start of kerosene production saved some spices of whales from extinction.
Until then whale oil was used as fuel for oil lamps.
The production of kerosene stopped the sale and use of whale oil.

What is an energy passport?

An energy passport introduces the building where you live or use, provides information on the amount and type of energy consumed by the building, shows the difference between an energy efficient building and an inefficient building.  The current energy passports around the world include the following information about the building:

  1. The model of the building;
  2. Energy efficiency class;
  3. Carbon emission class;
  4. The use of alternative and renewable energy sources;
  5. Energy consumption on hot water;
  6. Energy consumption for ventilation of the building;
  7. Energy consumption for heating of the building;
  8. Energy consumption for cooling of the building;
  9. Energy consumption for the lighting of building;
  10. Information on the authoritative institutions and experts on issuing passports.

In many countries, the use of new buildings is not permitted if the efficiency class is under C grade. Energy certification of buildings and installations in Azerbaijan is regulated by "Rules for Increasing Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving of Construction Facilities", approved by the Decision No 73 of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated March 11, 2014. According to these Rules, the energy passport of a building and installation is a document that lists energy, thermal appliances and geometric characteristics of existing buildings and installations, as well as projects of buildings and installations and their protective structures. According to the rules, buildings and installations should be designed and constructed to ensure efficient use of energy resources during their operation. The energy passport of buildings and installations is intended to confirm the compliance of the special energy efficiency indicator with the thermal protection and special characteristics of the building's protective constructions as set by the building norms.

enerji pasportu



According to BP's 2019 World Energy Statistical Review, world primary energy consumption in 2018 increased by 2.9% compared to 2017 and amounted to 13.9 billion tonnes of oil. The average annual growth for 2007-2017 was 1.5%. This increase in global energy consumption has been the largest increase recorded since 2010. China, the United States, India and the Russian Federation have the largest share in global energy consumption. Thus, China accounted for 23.6% of the world's energy consumption, the United States for 16.6%, India for 5.8%, and Russia for 5.2%. These four countries made up 51.2% of global energy consumption. China's energy consumption increased by 4.3%, India by 7.9%, the US by 3.5%, and Russia by 3.8%. According to the report, China has been the largest energy market in the world for 18 years. China's energy consumption was 3.2 billion tonnes of oil in 2018, and it was almost 1.6 times higher than the EU's energy consumption. US energy consumption was 2.3 billion tons of oil equivalent and India's 809 million tons of oil equivalent. In many European countries, including Germany, Italy, Sweden and the United Kingdom, there has been a decline in primary energy consumption.

Oil accounted for 33.6% of global energy consumption, 23.9% of natural gas, and 27.2% of coal. Traditional energy resources accounted for 84.7% of primary energy consumption, 4.4% of nuclear power, 6.8% of hydropower, and 4.1% of renewable energy sources.

The largest increase over the years was observed in natural gas. Global natural gas consumption increased by 5.3% compared to the previous year and exceeded 3.3 billion tonnes (3.9 trillion cubic meters). The biggest increase in consumption was observed in China, the Middle East and Europe. The largest share in the consumption of natural gas fell in the United States with 21.5%.  It was followed by the Russian Federation with 17.3%. The largest share in natural gas production was 21.2% of the United States (817 billion cubic meters) and 11.8% of Russia (455 billion cubic meters).

Coal consumption in the world rose by 1.4% and amounted to 3.7 billion tons of oil equivalent, and it was the largest increase in coal consumption over the past 10 years. China produces 50.5% of coal, India of 12%, and the United States of 8.4%.

According to the report, nuclear power increased by 2.4% compared to 2017. The main share belongs to the USA by 31.4%, France by 15.3% and China by 10.9%.

Hydropower increased by 3.1% compared to 2017. China accounted for 28.7%, Canada for 9.2% and Brazil for 9.2%.

Renewable energy consumption increased by 14.5% compared to the previous year. The average annual increase for 2007-2017 was 16.4%. China accounted for 25.6%, the United States for 18.5%, and India for 4.9%. China's growth was 28.8 %, and the United States was 9.8%.

In 2018, electricity generation from renewable energy sources (excluding hydropower) was 2,480.4 billion kWh, of which 51.2% was wind, 23.5% - solar, 23.7 % accounted for other sources.

Global electricity production increased by 3.7% in 2018 to 26,614.8 billion kWh. The average annual growth for 2007-2017 was 2.5%. China accounted for 26.7% of electricity, 16.8% for the United States, and 5.9% for India. Energy production in three countries accounted for 49.4% of global production. China recorded 7.7% increase over the year. Electric power generation accounted for 3.01% of oil, 23.2% of natural gas, 37.95% of coal, 10.1% of nuclear power, 15.8% of hydropower, and 9.3% of renewable energy, 0.6% of other sources. The country produced 802.8 billion kWh of oil, 6182.8 kWh of natural gas, 10,100.5 of coal, 2701.4 of nuclear energy, 4193.1 of hydropower, 2480.4 kW of renewable energy sources, and 153.8 billion kWh of other sources.

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According to estimates by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), China, US, Brazil, Germany, India, Canada, Japan, Italy, Russia and France accounted for 70% of the 2350,756 GW of the world's installed power from renewable energy sources in 2018. The total installed power from renewable energy sources in these countries was 1659,633 GW.




According to estimates by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), in 2018, the world's installed power from renewable energy sources increased by 7.86% compared to 2017 and was 2350,756 GW. The production capacity of renewable energy sources including major hydroelectric power stations is 1276 MW in Azerbaijan. This made up 18% of the total electricity generation capacity. Its 1135 MW is the share of hydropower, 66 MW of wind energy, 37 MW of solar energy, and 38 MW of bioenergy.




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Solar power is expected to increase by 800 GW in 5 years, and installed capacity by more than 1 TVt in 2022. At the end of 2018, global solar energy surpassed 500 GW, and it was predicted to reach 1,000 GW by 2022. According to the mid-growth outlook based on 2019-2023 Solar Energy Global Market Outlook published by “SolarPower Europe”, the energy in 2023 will reach 1.300 MW.  At the same time, it is possible to reach 1,610 MW by 2023. According to the report, global solar power for the first time in 2018 has surpassed 100 GW and increased by 102.4 GW. Combined with this increase, global solar power, exceeding 500 GW, accounted for 2% of total electricity generation in 2018. In addition, last year Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) of solar energy investments decreased by 14%. In the contests held in areas with high radiation levels around the world, price bids dropped to 2 cents (US dollars) per kilowatt-hour. According to the average growth outlook of the report, global solar energy capacity will increase by 128 GW in 2019, and it will reach to 645 GW at the end of the year. The annual growth rate will be steadily increasing, with global solar power reaching 144 GW in 2020, 158 GW in 2021, 169 GW in 2022 and 180 GW in 2023.  Thus, the solar power will reach to 1.000 GW in 2022 and to 1.297 GW at the end of 2023.  



While buying an air conditioner, it is important to choose a model that fits the area of the space you want to heat or cool. Because the air conditioner, which is small in size, cannot reach the required temperature, and because of its regular operation, the electricity consumption will increase. Large air conditioners, depending on the location, will cool the room suddenly and the energy consumption will increase as the compressor often closes.



Deserts on Earth receive energy from the sun for only 6 hours, and it is more than energy, which is consumed by all mankind throughout the year. The sun provides enough energy per second to meet the needs of the entire planet for 500,000 years.

sehrada gunes

May 3 is the International Solar Day. The celebration of Solar Day, founded in 1978 by the US President Jimmy Carter, aims to support the use of solar energy. The daily solar energy reaching on the earth is about 1.5 times higher than the energy used around the world annually. According to the International Energy Agency's “Global Energy and CO2 Status Report”, global solar energy capacity in 2018 increased by 24% - 94 GW and reached to 485 GW compared to 2017. At present, the share of solar energy in the production of renewable energy sources exceeds 20%.

The economic potential of Azerbaijan in solar energy is more than 23,000 MW. The total capacity of solar power plants in the country is 37 MW and it is expected to put into operation more than 50 MW more.

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Since 2013, the European Union has launched an energy label for vacuum cleaners. The upper part of the label represents the energy efficiency class and average energy consumption, and the lower part represents the most important indicators for the vacuum cleaner. Vacuum cleaners with power over 900 Watts are not allowed in Europe since 2017, and vacuum cleaners, which use less energy, are preferred. Please, pay attention to the energy label for energy saving while choosing a vacuum cleaner!



Vacuum cleaners are one of the domestic appliances that play an important role in the consumption of electricity. Because of daily usage, sometimes it even significantly increases the energy consumption. While using vacuum cleaners it is important to follow facts above mentioned in order to achieve energy efficiency.


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April 22 has been celebrating as "Mother Earth Day" since 1970. More energy efficiency and more green energy for the sake of the future of the earth!

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Failure to comply with design and construction standards during construction increases the energy consumption of heating homes. Here are some important things to consider in order to prevent extra energy loss:

- Proper selection of building materials;

-Prevention of air leakage from doors and windows;

-Insulation of ceiling, floor and wall;

- not being placed heat radiators close to the walls or inside the walls;

- not putting objects on them that prevent heat flow.

Do you know that the use of incandescent light bulbs is banned in many countries because of the excess energy consumption and the conversion of 90% of this energy into thermal energy ?!  Instead, efficient LED lamps that do not heat or consume less energy are prefered.

evlerde enerji itkisi


Do you know that the use of incandescent light bulbs is banned in many countries because of the excess energy consumption and the conversion of 90% of this energy into thermal energy ?!  Instead, efficient LED lamps that do not heat or consume less energy are prefered.



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